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Latest Health News from Duke Medicine News and Communications

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Mapping Family History Can Lead More At-Risk Patients to Timely Screening

Most doctors and nurses review a patient’s family history to identify risk factors for heart disease and cancer, often through a paper checklist or brief interview. But more deliberate efforts to map a patient’s family tree could identify additional risks and drive patients to more timely screenings, according to a new study from Duke Health.

Job market lures more physician assistants to specialties over primary care

The job market is luring more physician assistants, or PAs, to jobs in specialty care rather than primary care practices such as family medicine and general pediatrics, according to new research from Duke Health.

Study Suggests Sildenafil May Relieve Severe Form of Edema in Swimmers

Swimmers and divers who are prone to a sudden and potentially life-threatening form of pulmonary edema in cold water could benefit from a simple and readily available dose of sildenafil, according to findings from a small study by Duke Health researchers.

Meditation Eases Pain, Anxiety and Fatigue During Breast Cancer Biopsy

Meditation eases anxiety, fatigue and pain for women undergoing breast cancer biopsies, according to researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute. They also found that music is effective, but to a lesser extent.

Study Aims to Resolve How To Manage Pre-Cancers of the Breast

The first large U.S. study aimed at resolving an ongoing debate about the best way to treat an early sign of breast cancer will launch later this year under the direction of a Duke Cancer Institute investigator.

Duke Cancer Institute Joins National Endorsement of HPV Vaccination

In response to low national vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus (HPV), the Duke Cancer Institute has joined all 68 other top U.S. cancer centers in issuing a statement urging increased HPV vaccinations to prevent cancer.

Survival Period for Esophageal Cancer Is Tied to Race and Income

African-American patients with esophageal cancer survive fewer months after diagnosis than white patients, but only if they also have low incomes, according to a new study from Duke Health researchers.

Under the weather? A blood test can tell if antibiotics are needed

Researchers at Duke Health are fine-tuning a test that can determine whether a respiratory illness is caused by infection from a virus or bacteria so that antibiotics can be more precisely prescribed.

Immunity Genes Could Protect Some From E. Coli While Others Fall Ill

When a child comes home from preschool with a stomach bug that threatens to sideline the whole family for days, why do some members of the family get sick while others are unscathed? According to a Duke Health study published January 19 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, a person’s resistance to certain germs, specifically E. coli bacteria, could come down to their very DNA.

News Tip: The best way to eat is to start meals and snacks from scratch, nutrition expert says

Elisabetta Politi, nutrition director at the Duke Diet & Fitness Center, comments on the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, released today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Currently, more than half the daily intake for the average American comes from mixed dishes, snacks, sweets and drinks. The new guidelines push for more plant-based foods and reducing reliance on quick and cheap processed snacks.

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